Quizlet

Stanley’s

My own flashcard system

Formulas

Alcohol Fermentation formula

C6H12O6 –Zymase –> 2C2H5OH + 2CO2

Cellular Respiration formula

6O2 + C6H12O6 –> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy

General Information

Enzyme is used in alcohol Fermentation

Zymase

Alcohol Fermentation’s waste

Ethanol and CO2 as waste

Site of Alcohol Fermentation

Yeast

Creation of Alcohol Fermentation

Eduard Buchner, 1897

ATP

Adenosine Triphosphate - stores and releases energy

calorie

The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius

Calorie

1000 calories

Cell Membrane?

A phospholipid Bi-layer that divides interior and exterior sections of the cell

Cellular Respiration?

Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose in the presence of oxygen

Chemical Energy?

The energy of chemical substances that is released when they undergo a chemical reaction and transform into other substances.

CO2

Carbon Dioxide, waste product

Cori Cycle

Process of transporting lactate from cells that are undergoing anaerobic metabolism to the liver where it is passed to provide glucose back to the cell

Cytoplasm

Fluid inside cell but outside nucleus

ETC

Electron Transport Chain–uses high energy electrons from Krebs Cycle to convert 32 ADPs to 32 ATPs. Series of carrier proteins located in the inner membrane of mitochondrion Glucose

C6H12O6
Simple sugar w/ high energy storage
Glycolysis

Process in which one molecule of Glucose is broken in half by 2 ATPs producing two molecules of pyruvic acid.

H2O

Water–Waste Product

Heat energy

60% of energy from glucose is released as heat

Inner Membrane of Mitochondrion

Forms Cristae, and is site of ETC

Krebs Cycle

Pyruvic acid is broken down into CO2 in a series of energy extracting reactions. Occurs in matrix of mitochondrion

Lactic acid

Waste product–forms when cell breaks down carbs

Matrix

Fluid inside inner membrane

NAD+

Carrier Protein that carries electrons

NADH

Carrier protein with H+ ion

FADH2

High energy electron carrier

ATPs made by gylcolysis

2

ATPs made during Fermentation

2

ATPs the Krebs cycle makes

2

ATPs the Electron Transport Chain makes

32